Brain Bee UK competition will include several rounds: podium section, written exam, neuroanatomy, and neurohistology sections.

 

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Podium Section

Study Material: Neuroscience: Science of the Brain

 All podium section questions are formatted to require answers that are either one word or a short phrase.

Example 1: “Around how many neurons are in the adult brain?” — 100 billion Example 2: “Name the simple test used to determine the differences in sensitivity to touch in different parts of the body.” –Two-point discrimination test

General Rules:

  • Each student has 15 seconds to respond to a question.
  • Each student may ask to have the question repeated once. If the question is repeated, the timer is stopped while the question is being spoken.
  • You may not give more than one answer.

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Written Section

This Section will use some images from the booklet to ask questions.

Example 1: During an action potential, which ion channels are the first to open?

Example 2: Label the missing structures of the eye:

  • You will not be asked about historical events or particular scientists or experiments.
  • You may be asked about images or figures only on the following pages: 3-5, 14, 15, 20, and
  • Take a deep breath- you can do this!

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Neuroanatomy Section

Be able to identify the following structures on the human brain models or images:

  • Forebrain, midbrain, hindbrain
  • Frontal, temporal, parietal, and occipital lobes
  • Lateral sulcus (Sylvian fissure)
  • Central sulcus (fissure of Rolando)
  • sulci and gyri
  • Primary motor cortex
  • Somatosensory cortex
  • Cerebral longitudinal fissure
  • Lateral ventricles
  • Foramen of Monroe
  • Third ventricle
  • Cerebral aqueduct
  • Forth ventricle
  • Corpus Callosum
  • Cerebellum
  • Brainstem
  • Medulla
  • Pons
  • Optic chiasm
  • Hypothalamus
  • Thalamus
  • Mammillary bodies
  • Olfactory Bulbs
  • Pituitary Gland
  • Spinal Cord

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Neurohistology section

There will be 8 photos each featuring a thin piece of one of the following tissues that you will need to identify:

  • Cerebellum
  • Cortex
  • Hippocampus
  • Spinal Cord
  • Taste Bud
  • Retina
  • Pacinian Corpuscle
  • Peripheral Nerve

You may be asked to label any of the structures listed above, which you can learn using this Study Guide. In addition, you should familiarize yourself with the general function of each structure using the information below. Some questions may include or ask for multiple answers, such as:

  • “Name this structure, which is very important as a relay station for what type of input. (Thalamus, sensory input)”
  • “This structure is involved in the visual pathway. Name the structure, and briefly explain its role in transmitting visual signals from the retina to the brain. (Optic Chiasm, location where some optic nerve fibers cross to the opposite side of the brain.)”

So, knowing the function of each structure listed above will help you during the Neuroanatomy Section. In addition to the general functions of the structures, we have provided some additional information on highlights of some awesome phenomena of the brain.